Google搜索退出中国内地转向香港-谁的杯具

作者 FarLee 2010年3月23日 10:25:59   ‖浏览(11,217)

Google搜索退出中国内地转向香港 David Drummond:A new approach to China: an update全文

昨天在 Google 网站管理员工具功能和使用方法 一文中还提到Goolge 宣布退出中国一事还没有发表任何声明,今天北京时间凌晨3点多,Google公司高级副总裁、首席法律官大卫·德拉蒙德德(David Drummond)就在Google官方博客中公开发表声明,宣布停止对谷歌中国搜索服务的“过滤审查”,并将搜索服务由中国内地的google.cn转向谷歌香港。下面是从国内其他网站上摘抄过来的声明全文:

A new approach to China: an update

3/22/2010 12:03:00 PM

On January 12, we announced on this blog that Google and more than twenty other U.S. companies had been the victims of a sophisticated cyber attack originating from China, and that during our investigation into these attacks we had uncovered evidence to suggest that the Gmail accounts of dozens of human rights activists connected with China were being routinely accessed by third parties, most likely via phishing scams or malware placed on their computers. We also made clear that these attacks and the surveillance they uncovered―combined with attempts over the last year to further limit free speech on the web in China including the persistent blocking of websites such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Google Docs and Blogger―had led us to conclude that we could no longer continue censoring our results on Google.cn.

So earlier today we stopped censoring our search services―Google Search, Google News, and Google Images―on Google.cn. Users visiting Google.cn are now being redirected to Google.com.hk, where we are offering uncensored search in simplified Chinese, specifically designed for users in mainland China and delivered via our servers in Hong Kong. Users in Hong Kong will continue to receive their existing uncensored, traditional Chinese service, also from Google.com.hk. Due to the increased load on our Hong Kong servers and the complicated nature of these changes, users may see some slowdown in service or find some products temporarily inaccessible as we switch everything over.

Figuring out how to make good on our promise to stop censoring search on Google.cn has been hard. We want as many people in the world as possible to have access to our services, including users in mainland China, yet the Chinese government has been crystal clear throughout our discussions that self-censorship is a non-negotiable legal requirement. We believe this new approach of providing uncensored search in simplified Chinese from Google.com.hk is a sensible solution to the challenges we've faced―it's entirely legal and will meaningfully increase access to information for people in China. We very much hope that the Chinese government respects our decision, though we are well aware that it could at any time block access to our services. We will therefore be carefully monitoring access issues, and have created this new web page, which we will update regularly each day, so that everyone can see which Google services are available in China.

In terms of Google's wider business operations, we intend to continue R&D work in China and also to maintain a sales presence there, though the size of the sales team will obviously be partially dependent on the ability of mainland Chinese users to access Google.com.hk. Finally, we would like to make clear that all these decisions have been driven and implemented by our executives in the United States, and that none of our employees in China can, or should, be held responsible for them. Despite all the uncertainty and difficulties they have faced since we made our announcement in January, they have continued to focus on serving our Chinese users and customers. We are immensely proud of them.

Posted by David Drummond, SVP, Corporate Development and Chief Legal Officer

Google宣布退出中国内地译文:

1月12日我们在这里宣布,谷歌和其它逾20家美国公司在一场从中国发起的精密的网络攻击中成为了受害者。在对这些攻击的调查中,我们找到了证据显示,数十名中国人权主义者的Gmail账户被第三方(除了谷歌和用户自身)有规律地登录,并很有可能是通过放置在这些用户电脑中的网络钓鱼陷阱或恶意软件进行操作。

我们也进一步明确,这些攻击和通过其显示出的背后的“监督力量”,和去年中国为进一步限制网络言论自由的举动有关――例如中国始终屏蔽Facebook、Twitter、YouTube、Google Docs和Google Blogger。所有这些让我们决定,我们可能不再会继续审查Google.cn里的搜索结果。

所以今天早些时候我们停止了对Google.cn上搜索、资讯和图片搜索结果的审查。现在用户访问Google.cn会自动转到 Google.com.hk,我们将在这里以简体中文提供未审查的搜索结果,这项服务是特别为了中国大陆的用户设计的,并将通过我们位于香港的服务器提 供。位于香港的用户将继续接受现有的未经审查的繁体中文服务。由于目前香港服务器的流量增加,以及这些变化本来就复杂的特点,用户在使用服务时速度可能会 下降,并发现一些产品暂时不能使用,因为我们正在将所有的服务转过来。

我们先前已经承诺将停止在Google.cn上的审查,如何兑现这个承诺对我们来说一直是一个难题。我们希望这个世界上尽可能有更多的人可以使用我们的服务,这里面也包括位于中国大陆的用户。然而中国政府在谈判过程中已经很清楚地表示,自我审查是不可谈判的法律性要求。我们相信,在google.com.hk以简体中文提供未经审查的搜索服务是解决我们面临挑战的一种明智的方案――这是完全合法的,而且也将为中国大陆的用户提供解除更多信息的机会。我们非常希望中国政府尊重我们的决定。我们也将仔细地监控登录方面的问题,并且创建了这个新页面。我们会每天规律性地更新这个页面,让每个人都可以看到,当前有哪些谷歌服务在中国可以被使用。

至于谷歌在中国的其它业务,我们将会继续研发部门的工作,也会在当地保留销售部门,但销售部门的规模将明显地部分依赖于中国大陆用户登录Google.com.hk的情况。

最后,我们想要澄清的是,所有这些决定都是由在美国本土的谷歌高管推动并执行的,我们在中国的任何雇员都对这些决定,或者应该对这些决定负有责任。自从 我们1月份宣布声明后,他们就一直面临这不确定性和各种困难,但是他们仍旧一直专注地为我们的中国用户和客户提供服务。我们对他们感到深深的骄傲。

本文由David Drummond,谷歌的首席法律代表(Chief Legal Officer)发布。

注:以上文字摘抄自网络,不代表farlee.info 的观点!

不过远方博客觉得Google退出中国内地与否,其实就是谷歌是否启用google.cn 中文域名的问题;Google退出中国内地对Google公司来说,减少了谷歌中国的运营成本,取消了关键词搜索结果过滤系统这样一个有别于Google.com的搜索结果算法,也减少了运维成本。所以对Google公司来说,相当于精简人员机构,是好事。因为Google搜索用户仍然可以访问谷歌香港www.google.com.hk和Google英文google.com。而最最关键的,还是取决于我们中国政府对此的态度。也许有一天当我们访问www.google.com.hk或Google.com时,Firefox浏览器提示:载入页面时到服务器的连接被重置,这时候才是中国网民最大的悲哀。

这样的杯具会上演吗?其实政府的压力也很大!首先Google.com 毕竟是全球最大的搜索引擎,影响力最大的互联网巨头,同时Google的Gmail邮箱等相关产品在中国用户中的高度渗透,一旦封锁屏蔽影响面就太大了。另外中国大陆对于谷歌香港www.google.com.hk 采取什么措施,这也是一个两难的选择。因为毕竟香港是中国香港,是像屏蔽Google blog,twitter一样封掉属于本国地盘运营的网站,还是要求谷歌香港也采取审查搜索结果?这里可能就会将完全商业化的问题政治化了,这也不是我们所了解和能讨论的东西了。


“Google搜索退出中国内地转向香港-谁的杯具”文章评论(5)

  1. 欢迎您来到谷歌搜索在中国的新家!www.google.com.hk

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